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Achilles Tendon Xanthoma-MRI

Case Report: 63 years male with chronic ankle pain , no trauma, known diabetic.MRI showing gross thickening & heterogeneous increased signal in T1/T2/STIR in distal achilles tendon upto calcaneal insertion with focal lobulated lesion in the distal tendon with iso to hyperintense signal with intact surrounding fat planes – not specific to etiology,possibly achilles tendon xanthoma, in view of history. Differentials - chronic tendon degeneration, tophaceous gout,tendonitis/others.

Teaching Points by Dr MGK Murthy & Dr GA Prasad: Xanthomas are nonneoplastic lesions due to local collection of lipid-laden  macrophages, giant cells, and other inflammatory  cells in response to the deposition of cholesterol  in tissue. Xanthomas commonly occur in the skin, especially that of the eyelids . The lesions are less commonly seen in  the tendons and synovium.  Tendinous xanthomas  most often involve the extensor tendons  of the hands, the Achilles tendon, and the patellar  tendon with well-established  association between tendinous xanthomas and  primary hyperlipidemia, in particular, type IIa  hyperlipidemia and type III hyperlipidemia. On MRI Achilles tendon shows  masses with nonspecific higher signal intensity on both  T1- and T2-weighted spin-echo images.
Achilles Tendon Xanthoma-MRI Reviewed by Sumer Sethi on Wednesday, November 11, 2015 Rating: 5

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